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Plantar Fasciitis: The Most Common Cause Of Foot Pain

Plantar Fasciitis: The Most Common Cause Of Foot Pain
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Plantar Fasciitis

foot pain

Plantar fasciitis is regarded as the most common cause of foot and heel pain. It occurs when the ligament supporting the arch of the foot is torn or strained. This results in extreme pain and discomfort of the heel and throughout the foot. It affects millions of people globally every year.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis typically results from putting too much strain on the foot and can be exacerbated by the following factors:

  • Too much time walking or standing
  • Obesity
  • Aging
  • Shoes without proper support or cushioning
  • Walking barefoot on hard surfaces

Types of Plantar Fasciitis

There is only one type of plantar fasciitis.

Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms

  • Pain and stiffness in the foot, especially in the morning upon waking
  • Sharp pain in the heel
  • Pain in the heel or sole of the foot with standing or walking
  • Pain that radiates up the calf
  • Swelling and inflammation in the heel and sole of the foot

heel pain

Diagnosing Plantar Fasciitis


Your primary car physician can diagnose and treat plantar fasciitis, but they may also refer you to a foot doctor called a podiatrist. Either your primary care physician or podiatrist will perform a physical exam of the foot to check for swelling and inflammation and may use diagnostic imaging, such as an x-ray or CT scan, to rule out other causes of your foot pain.

Treating Plantar Fasciitis

Lifestyle changes are usually the easiest and most effective way to treat plantar fasciitis. Spending less time on your feet and making sure that you wear comfortable orthopedic shoes with adequate arch support can relieve the condition. Compression socks can also help to reduce the swelling and inflammation caused by plantar fasciitis. Pain medication such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help control the pain caused by the condition. In severe cases, surgical intervention may be needed. Surgery to release the lateral plantar nerve may permanently resolve plantar fasciitis pain.

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