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Orchitis: What Causes Testicles To Become Inflamed?

Orchitis: What Causes Testicles To Become Inflamed?
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Orchitis

inflamed testicle


Orchitis refers to the inflammation of one or both testicles. It results in visible swelling and severe pain in the testes.

What Causes Orchitis?

Orchitis can be caused by the following conditions:

  • Bacterial infections
  • Viral infections
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Testicular trauma
  • Stroke

Types Of Orchitis

Bacterial Orchitis

This type of orchitis is caused by epididymitis, an inflammation of the epididymis, which is the coiled tube that connects the vas deferens to the testicle. Epididymis is the result of a bacterial infection and can spread to the testicle, causing bacterial orchitis.

Viral Orchitis

This type of orchitis is caused by the viral infections known as mumps. About one-third of boys who get the mumps will also get orchitis.

Orchitis Symptoms

  • Swelling of one or both testicles
  • Swelling of the inguinal lymph nodes
  • Blood in the semen
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain in the testicle or groin
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Low grade fever

orchitis

Diagnosing Orchitis

A primary care physician can diagnose orchitis through a physical examination. They may order diagnostic tests, such as diagnostic imaging of the testes and groin area, to rule out other conditions like testicular cancer.

Treating Orchitis

Many cases of orchitis resolve on their own once the underlying cause is treated. In rare cases or viral orchitis, the testicles may remain inflamed and ultimately lead to the patient becoming sterile.

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