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Dysgeusia: Distorted Sense Of Taste

Dysgeusia: Distorted Sense Of Taste
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Dysgeusia

distorted sense of taste


Dysgeusia, sometimes called parageusia, is characterized by a distorted sense of taste. Individuals with dysgeusia do not taste flavors the same way that others o, or they do not taste flavors the way that they once did. They may also have unpleasant tastes, such as a metallic taste, in their mouth at random times that interfere with their ability to taste other things. Dysgeusia can also be associated with dysosmia, a distorted sense of smell.

What Causes Dysgeusia?

Dysgeusia can occur on its own or as the result of one of the following underlying conditions or factors:

  • Zinc deficiency
  • Chemotherapy
  • Asthma treatment
  • Distortions in the taste buds
  • Chiari Malformation
  • Certain medications
    • Anti-histamines
    • Antiproliferative drugs
    • Beta blockers
  • Brainstem damage
  • Diabetes
  • Tonsillectomy surgery
  • Gastric reflux
  • Lead poisoning
  • Menopause
  • Burning mouth syndrome

Types of Dysgeusia

Ageusia

Ageusia is a closely related condition in which the patient has no sense of taste whatsoever.

Hypogeusia

Hypogeusia is a closely related condition in which the patient is slightly unable to distinguish flavors.

dysgeusia

Dysgeusia Symptoms

  • Distorted taste
  • Metallic taste in mouth
  • Not recognizing familiar tastes
  • Distorted sense of smell

Diagnosing Dysgeusia

A primary care physician can diagnose dysgeusia but they will likely refer you to an ENT (ear. nose and throat specialist) to rule out certain underlying causes.

Treating Dysgeusia

Treatment of dysgeusia depends on the underlying cause. If the patient has a distorted sense of taste from certain medications, changing the medication or the dosage can resolve the dysgeusia. If you have dysgeusia from a neurological condition or conditions like diabetes, it may be irreversible. Many patients do not seek treatment for their dysgeusia but instead learn to adjust to the distorted sense of taste.

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