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Dandruff: Scalp Flaking and Itching

Dandruff: Scalp Flaking and Itching
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Dandruff

scalp itching


Dandruff is a common skin condition that affects the scalp, causing dryness and flaking of the skin. While it is not medically dangerous, it can cause flakes of dead skin to appear on clothing and in the hair, leading to embarrassment and insecurity. Dandruff is very common, affecting more than 3 million people in the U.S. alone. It typically appears during puberty and is found more often in men than women.

What Causes Dandruff?

The exact cause of dandruff is not known, but it can be brought on or made worse by the following factors:

  • Cold weather
  • Sebaceous secretions
  • Skin allergies
  • Certain skin micro-organisms

Types of Dandruff

There is only one known type of dandruff.

Dandruff Symptoms

  • Oily skin on the scalp
  • Flaky skin on the scalp
  • Dry scalp
  • Itchiness of the scalp
  • Irritation of the scalp
  • White scalp

dandruff treatment

Diagnosing Dandruff

Dandruff can be diagnosed and treated by your primary care physician, but severe or recurrent cases may be referred to a dermatologist for treatment.

Treating Dandruff

Most patients do not seek medical treatment for dandruff but rather rely on over-the-counter solutions like medicated shampoos. Severe cases may need to be treated with anti-fungal treatments.

 

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