Polymyalgia Rheumatica: Severe Muscle Pain

Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder of the muscles that results in pain and stiffness, especially in the shoulders. It is most common in individuals older than 50 and the symptoms are typically the worst upon waking up….

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: What Causes Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Myalgic encephalomyelitis is also known as chronic fatigue syndrome. It is characterized by severe, long-term fatigue that inhibits an individual’s ability to function. This extreme fatigue is not caused by any physical exertion of lack of rest. It…

Alopecia Areata: Spontaneous, Premature Hair Loss

Alopecia Areata Alopecia areata is a systemic autoimmune disease in which the body begins to attack its own hair follicles, resulting in spontaneous hair loss, either in localized patches or all over the body. It is most frequently found in…

Splenomegaly: When the Spleen Becomes Enlarged

Splenomegaly Splenomegaly is the medical term for an enlarged spleen. The spleen is normally the size of a clenched fist, but it may become enlarged as the result of an underlying condition or trauma. Splenomegaly can be very mild, where…

Cold Urticaria: An Allergy To Cold Weather

Cold Urticaria Cold urticaria is a condition that results in allergic reactions to cold temperatures or cold weather. This allergy to cold is most often seen in children and teenagers and can range in severity from mild symptoms to life-threatening…

Hypertrichosis: What Causes “Werewolf Syndrome”?

Hypertrichosis Hypertrichosis is a rare condition that results in excessive hair growth, either all over the body or in one generalized area. It most often occurs on the face, back, or chest. Hypertrichosis is commonly referred to as the “Werewolf…

Retroverted Uterus: What Causes the Uterus To Tilt Backwards?

Retroverted Uterus A retroverted uterus is a common anatomical abnormality in which the uterus is tilted backwards in the pelvic region. This condition occurs in about 1 out of every 5 women and is rarely serious. In most cases, it…

Endometriosis: A Common Cause Of Pain During Intercourse

Endometriosis Endometriosis is a painful condition in which the endometrium begins growing outside of the uterus. The endometrium is a layer of tissue that lines the inside of the uterus. In endometriosis, this tissue begins to grow outside of the…

Hypothermia: What Causes Low Body Temperature?

Hypothermia Hypothermia refers to an internal body temperature below 97.5° Farenheit or 36.4° Celsius. The body’s normal temperature should fall between 97.5 and 99°F or 36.4 and 37.2°C. Some individuals have a chronically low body temperature that stays between 96 and 97.5°F. In…

Supraventricular Tachycardia: What Are the Most Common Types Of SVT?

Supraventricular Tachycardia Supraventricular Tachycardia, more commonly known as SVT, is a rapid and irregular heartbeat that originates from improper electrical signals in the heart’s upper chambers. SVT can occur during exercise or while at rest and can last for seconds,…

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