Burning After Urination

Written by Dr. Mary

What is Burning After Urination?

Burning After Urination condition is medically termed as dysuria, wherein there is an inflammation of the lower urinary tract, the urethra and the bladder and the protate gland in men. Inflammation of the surrounding genitourinary organs may also result to burning sensation after urination even though the lower urinary tract is not involved.


Burning After Urination in Men

Symptoms

  1. Hematuria or the presence of blood in the urine
  2. Urgency to urinate
  3. Sensation of incomplete emptying of the bladder
  4. Urinary incontinence
  5. Dribbling of urine after urination
  6. Urine changes from its normal color to being cloudy, foamy, and having strong smell
  7. Blood in the semen
  8. Pain in the pelvic and lower abdominal area

Causes

The burning sensation after urination can be caused by various conditions and they can be classified into infectious and non-infectious causes. The most common infectious causes of burning sensation after urination are due to a bacterial infection. A bacterial infection is an ascending infection, wherein the bacteria gains entrance from the external meatus then infects the urethra up to the urinary tract. In some cases, the bacteria spreads further upward, infecting the ureters and the kidney, as well as neighboring sites such as the rectum.

Infectious Causes

Bladder infection – this is otherwise known as infectious cystitis, wherein the urinary bladder gets inflamed because of an infection. Although bladder infection is actually less likely to happen in men because men have longer urethra and because of the bactericidal effects of prostatic fluids, unless there is an ongoing medical condition affecting the prostate such as benign prostatic hyperplasia. Bladder infection can be caused by bacteria, virus, fungi, or parasites. Among which are the following:

  1. Escherichia coli
  2. Proteus mirabilis
  3. Streptococcus fecalis
  4. Staphylococcus saprophyticus
  5. Klebsiella spp
  6. Chlamydia trachomatis
  7. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  8. Herpes simplex (HSV-1 and HSV-2)
  9. Adenoviruses
  10. Candida albicans
  11. Cryptococcal spp
  12. Schistosoma haematobium

Urethritis – this is the condition wherein the urethra becomes inflamed due to infection from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and genital herpes. This is characterized by swelling of the tip of the penis and pain during intercourse as well as pain in ejaculation.

Prostatitis – this happens in men wherein the individual experiences pain and difficulty in passing urine in addition to the urgency to urinate and dribbling of urine after urination.

Epididymo-orchitis – in this condition, the testes and epididymis become inflamed due to an infection.

Non-infectious Causes

  1. Circumcision
  2. Vigorous sexual activity
  3. Foreign material
  4. Trauma
  5. Chemical allergies such as soap and bubble baths,
  6. Urinary/bladder stones
  7. Bladder cancer
  8. Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
  9. Prostate cancer
  10. Non-infectious prostatitis
  11. Medications including NSAIDs, drugs for gout, chemotherapeutic medicines
  12. Reactive arthritis
  13. Dehydration

Treatment

The following are ways on how to manage the burning sensation after urination:

  1. Flood the bladder with water – drinking two eight-ounce glass of water at first hint of burning. In addition, one can drink four ounces of water with a teaspoon of baking soda dissolved in it.
  2. Visit the doctor – if the burning sensation lasts until the next day, it is important to have yourself checked by the physician for proper checkup and laboratory tests.
  3. Do not worsen the symptom by eating food and drinks that would add to the irritation such as coffee, alcohol, food rich in salt, etc.
  4. To lessen the pain during urination, try urinating while standing or sitting in a tub of warm water.
  5. Clean sex should be properly observed. It is important to urinate after sex.

Burning After Urination in Women

Symptoms

  1. Hematuria – the urine may be dark yellow, red or brown because of some stain of blood in the urine
  2. Urgency to urinate – the sensation of wanting to urinate
  3. It seems that the bladder is not fully emptied after urination
  4. Urinary incontinence
  5. Frequent urination
  6. Difficulty in urination
  7. Discharges
  8. Urine can have foul-smelling odors and appears cloudy or foamy
  9. Pelvic and lower abdominal pain

Causes

Infectious

Bladder infection – urinary tract infection is very common among women because of the short urethra.
Urethritis – this involves inflammation of the urethra which is related to sexually transmitted disease such as Chlamydia, genital herpes, etc. This leads to painful intercourse among men and women.
Cystitis – this is the inflammation of the tissues of the wall of the bladder. The common symptoms of cystitis are urinary discomfort, increased urination and urgency, and pain during sexual intercourse. Fever is more frequent in cystitis.
Vulvovaginitis – in this condition, there is an inflammation of the vagina and the vulva often caused by bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection.
Cervicitis – this is an infection of the lower genital tract which involves inflammation of the cervix

Non-Infectious

  1. Trauma
  2. Vigorous sexual activity
  3. Foreign body
  4. Chemical irritation caused by condoms, lubricants, spermicides, soap and bubble baths, toilet papers, tampons, etc.
  5. Urinary stones
  6. Bladder stones
  7. Bladder cancer
  8. Cystocele – the bladder is herniated into the vagina because the tough fibrous wall between the bladder and the vagina are torn after childbirth.
  9. Medications such as NSAIDs and chemotherapeutic drugs

Treatment

  1. Drink lots of water – At the first sign of infection, always try to cleanse the bladder by drinking two eight-ounce glasses of water to wash out whatever bacteria has migrated in the bladder.
  2. Consult your doctor – bladder discomfort or burning pain after urination can be a sign of something serious that is happening within the urinary system and the surrounding organs. It is always recommended to have a checkup with the doctor to make sure that you are away from any serious complications.
  3. Avoid food and drinks that can cause more irritation such as alcohol, coffee, etc.
  4. After bowel movement, wipe the genital area from front to the back to prevent the bacteria from the rectum to contaminate the genital area.
  5. Always practice clean sex by urinating after doing the act.
  6. Carefully choose the hygienic products that you want to use. Make sure that they don’t include harmful chemicals that might irritate the delicate areas of the reproductive system.
  7. If in case you go on swimming, do not lounge in wet bathing suit. Always wash off the chlorine.

Comment on this

Leave a Reply


Recent Posts

©HealthoSphere Copyright 2014 All Rights Reserved. Privacy Policy