Burning Eyes

Burning eyes are characterized by a burning feeling and irritation of the eyes which may also be accompanied with itching, tearing or discharge from the eyes. It is generally a symptom of another existing condition. Eye is a visual organ and a highly complex and specialized structure that transmits visual data to the cerebral cortex. The eyeballs and its other structures are situated and protected in round bony hollows called the orbits. The orbit is a space that can be potentially filled with fluid, blood and air due to its proximity to the sinuses and blood vessels. Individuals have their own unique eye feature structured symmetrical in size and position. Burning eyes may occur with symptoms such as itchiness, dryness or watery. It may also appear bloodshot and may also have discharge. The symptoms of burning eyes may also occur with nasal symptom such as runny nose, post nasal drip, sneezing and congestion. Burning eyes may also occur along with…

Embolus

Define Embolus Embolus is a detached intravascular mass travelling from its origin through the blood stream. It is capable of clogging the capillary beds and can get stuck in the brain, lungs, heart and any other area of the body that may result to a more severe complication. The embolus may travel to another area of the body and may come through a passage in which they cannot fit in. When this happen, the embolus will lodge and blocking off the blood supply in the affected area starving it from oxygen. Insufficiency in oxygen will cause the cell to die or the condition called ischemia. The condition of oxygen starvation due to lodging of an embolus is called embolism. Thrombus vs. Embolus Throumbus is a solid mass of platelets and other components of blood that accumulated or form in a vessel. It is a blood clot that is formed within the blood vessel that obstructs the normal blood flow. Blood…

Enteral Nutrition

Enteral Nutrition Definition Nutrition is an important necessity to make one highly functional and sustain a healthy living. It is also important in managing a diseased individual to hasten recovery apart from preventing further complication as a result of nutritional deficiency. Enteral nutrition is advisable to patient who cannot meet their nutritional needs due to their debilitating state resulting to inability to proper and normal way of feeding. It is especially indicated when there is no other way to sustain and prevent complications from nutritional deficiency except through tube feeding. Enteral nutrition is a method of nutritional solution for meeting the nutritional needs of a patient with a functional gut but is unable or unwilling to achieve nourishment through oral means. Enteral Feeding Enteral feeding is a method of nourishing an individual with inability or unwillingness to nourishment via oral achievement. Enteral feeding is indicated to sustain and provide optimal health to ailing or debilitating patients when there is no…

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Children

What is hand, foot, and mouth disease? This condition, although not a serious one, is highly contagious and is common among children under ten years of age. The typical effects of this viral disease is that the affected child would have sores in the mouth as well as on the hands and feet. These mouth sores can be painful, thus making it difficult for the child to eat. Since it is not a serious disease, it will actually disappear within a week or so. Hand, foot, and mouth disease is common during summer and fall but can occur all year round. This disease should be deemed separate from the common condition called foot and mouth disease which appears in cattle or otherwise called as mad cow disease. Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease Symptoms The symptoms of hand foot and mouth disease in children starts with a body malaise. The child would not anymore engage himself in certain activities because fever…

Swollen Ear

Ear is an auditory system and sense organ that receives and detects sound. It also functions by helping to keep the balance and position of the body. Humans have a pair of ears located symmetrically on opposite sides of the head. Ear is composed of the outer ear, middle ear and the inner ear. Outer ear consists of the pinna, ear canal and the superficial layer of the tympanic membrane. Pinna receives sound and passes it through the canal to the tympanic membrane. Middle ear is an air filled cavity consisting of three ossicles called malleus, incus and stapes. The opening of the Eustachian tube is also located in the middle ear connected to the back of nasopharynx. Inner ear composed of the cochlea, vestibular and semicircular canals. Semicircular canals and the vestibule composed the balance portion while the cochlea acts for the hearing and consists of three fluid filled spaces. There are a lot of reasons for the ear…

Cramping After Ovulation

What is Cramping after Ovulation? Women of reproductive age go through the process of ovulation as part of the menstrual cycle. Ovulation is the process of releasing egg by a mature ovarian follicle in preparation for fertilization. The egg is then ready for fertilization for the next few days until it disintegrates if not fertilized. Ovulation occurs once a month until menopause and ovulation also ceases when a woman is pregnant and breastfeeding. Cramping is a normal experience during post ovulation period. Most women of reproductive age and premenopausal age experience cramping although for some, it rarely occurs or do not experience it at all. Pain and cramping occurs during the second phase of menstrual cycle. Cramping is associated with lower abdominal pain that radiates to the legs and back. The cramping pain can be classified as intermittent, mild, and moderate to severe. Cramping pain can be felt on the side on which ovary released the egg and the pain…

Thrombosis

What is Thrombosis? Thrombosis is a formation of blood clot in the blood vessels which subsequently causes obstruction in the blood flow. This happens when a clot is formed within a vein or artery blocking the normal flow of blood in the body. Thromboembolism Embolism is the main complication of thrombosis. It occurs when a blood clot breaks off from its origin and moves through the bloodstream. The embolus is detached from the intravascular mass and is capable of clogging capillary beds and can also get stuck in the brain, lungs, heart and any other area and may result to a more severe damage. Thrombosis Classification There is mainly two classification of thrombosis based according to the site of clot formation and these are: Venous Thrombosis The blood clot formation is concentrated in the vein and the concern of this type of thrombosis is the development of pulmonary embolism which is life threatening. There are different types of thrombosis classified…

Phocomelia

Phocomelia Definition What is Phocomelia? This is a congenital defect wherein the bones of one or more limbs are either missing or shortened. This leads to a flipperlike appearance of the limbs because the entire limbs are foreshortened. Although this condition is rare, children with afflicted with such condition may require surgery to address other deficits that may appear together with phocomelia. Phocomelia has several names, and it includes Roberts SC-Phocomelia Syndrome, Roberts Tetraphocomelia Syndrome, SC phocomelia Syndrome, Pseudo-thalidomide Syndrome. Phocomelia Symptoms The following are the general symptoms of phocomelia syndrome: Growth retardation Mental deficits Defects on the eyes Defects on the nose Defects on the ears Underdeveloped limbs Short bones in the arms Absent arm bones Absent thigh bones The following includes the severe symptoms of phocomelia: Skull fissure and brain projection also called as encephalocele Hydrocephalus or the accumulation of fluid in the skull Uterus is of abnormal shape Blood clotting is inefficient secondary to low levels of…

Splenic Flexure Syndrome

What is Splenic Flexure Syndrome? Splenic flexure syndrome is pain and discomfort that is felt at the upper abdomen. This is caused by distention or possible muscle spasm occurring in the splenic flexure of one’s colon. In anatomy, the splenic flexure is located between the transverse and descending colon. This digestive disorder is characterized by gas build up and it’s trapping inside the flexure. Discomfort is the most prominent symptom noted with splenic flexure syndrome. This has been noted as one of the subtype of IBS or irritable bowel syndrome.   Picture : Splenic flexure is located between the transverse and descending colon. Splenic Flexure Syndrome Symptoms Those suffering from splenic flexure syndrome would complain of the following (mostly identify the discomfort at the upper area of the abdomen): Abdominal bloating. The most common symptom for splenic flexure syndrome. When one eat high amounts of fatty foods. Those who have underlying gastric problems are most likely to suffer from this…

Interstitial Lung Disease

What is an Interstitial lung disease? From the word itself, it is an inflammation of the lungs, involving primarily the interstitium or the tissue and space around the air sac of the lungs. The interstitium supports a wide array of capillaries and blood vessels, facilitating the free flow of blood carrying oxygen. Once there are problems in the interstitial tissues, it would result to diminished lung expansion and decreased supply of oxygen. Picture showing alveoli of lung where Interstitial lung disease starts Image source - medicine.ufl.edu Interstitial Lung Disease Classification Interstitial lung disease is a broad category of lung disorders. The following are some of the common disorders under interstitial lung disease: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Connective tissue or autoimmune-related pulmonary fibrosis Hypersensitivity pneumonitis Sarcoidosis Eosinophilic granuloma Chronic eosinophilic granuloma Pulmonary vasculitis Bronchiolitis obliterans Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Familial interstitial pneumonia Interstitial Lung Disease Symptoms The two most common symptoms of interstitial lung disease are shortness of breath and dry cough because in the presence…

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